Updated: May 8
Supplemental oxygen is needed when a person is not able to get enough oxygen from breathing the air around them. This can happen for a variety of reasons, including lung diseases, heart diseases, high altitude, or certain medical conditions.
In healthy individuals, the air we breathe contains about 21% oxygen. This oxygen is taken up by the lungs and delivered to the body's tissues via the bloodstream. When a person's lungs are not able to take in enough oxygen or when the body's tissues are not able to use the oxygen effectively, supplemental oxygen may be necessary.
Some common reasons why a person may need supplemental oxygen include:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): This is a group of lung diseases, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis, that can make it difficult to breathe.
Pneumonia: This is an infection of the lungs that can cause inflammation and make it hard to breathe.
Heart failure: This is a condition in which the heart is not able to pump blood effectively, which can lead to low levels of oxygen in the body.
High altitude: At high altitudes, there is less oxygen in the air, which can make it difficult for the body to get enough oxygen.
Sleep apnea: This is a sleep disorder in which a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep, leading to low levels of oxygen in the body.
Supplemental oxygen can be provided through a variety of devices, including oxygen concentrators, compressed oxygen tanks, and liquid oxygen systems. The amount of supplemental oxygen needed will depend on the individual's condition and the severity of their symptoms.
It is important to note that while supplemental oxygen can help improve oxygen levels in the body, it is not a cure for the underlying condition. It is important to work with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate treatment plan for any medical condition that may require supplemental oxygen.
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